Breast augmentation with IV anesthesia – a safer choice

I often hear from patients who want to have a Breast augmentation, but are afraid of anesthesia, or “going under.” They are concerned about the postoperative nausea,  and feeling rotten for a couple of days after anesthesia. It doesn’t have to be so. There are well described techniques for doing breast augmentation with another type of anesthesia — twilight anesthesia. With this type of IV anesthesia the recovery is very quick, less nausea, and no lousy feeling the days after surgery.

IV anesthesia offers less nausea and quick recoveryY

There are two keys to successful breast augmentation with twilight anesthesia. The first is using the newer combinations of intravenous anesthetics. A short acting barbiturate, such as propofol, is used with a dissociative anesthetic, which as the name implies, dissociates painful stimuli from higher levels of brain activity. The patient is then not as heavily sedated and can breathe on her own. Another drug used is an amnesic, which prevents formation of memory of the event. More importantly, using this combination, there is very little need ,if any, for narcotics. Narcotics are a major source of postoperative nausea and vomiting.

IV anesthesia allows a patient to have a surgery where she is awake enough to be breathing on her own, will not experience pain, and will not remember the event.  With IV anesthesia there is no risk of malignant hyperthermia or blot clot to the legs or lungs, as those risks are only associated with general anesthesia. Thus, properly monitored IV anesthesia is a safer choice than general anesthesia for Breast augmentation.

Numbing the area prior to Breast augmentation surgery

An illustration showing the sternum border and intercostal nerves.
A photo of a patient's upper body, showing the ares infiltrated by local anesthetic.
Local anesthetic is injected to areas where the nerves are emerging from the chest wall.

The second key is blocking the nerves before starting the Breast augmentation surgery. It is well known that blocking a nerve before stimulating it will diminish the total experience of pain from that nerve. In the chest cage the nerves emerge from the intercostal (between the ribs) spaces along the mid-axillary line, and intercostal spaces along the sternal borders as shown in the illustration. They provide sensation to the tissues of the breast along parallel tracks that are called dermatomes.

If you can block the nerves close to where they come out from between the ribs you can numb the entire breast without having to inject the whole breast with local anesthetics. Once the nerves are blocked, there are very few pain signals reaching the brain.

After surgery – Less nausea, less pain

The final part of the experience is to reduce pain during the recovery period. At the end of the surgery I insert a pain pump which delivers a local anesthetic to the implant pocket for the first few days after surgery. The end result is that you should experience much less pain after surgery.

The recovery room experience is much improved with twilight anesthesia. First of all, the patient wakes up much quicker. Secondly, there is hardly any nausea. When I used general anesthesia in the past, I used to prescribe Zofran (anti nausea drug) routinely. Since I have been using monitored IV anesthesia  I have only prescribed it once or twice in the past year. The recovery room stays are now so short, that the patient is fully awake, walking and ready to go home within an hours time.

Breast augmentation with IV anesthesia is the best!

Two days after Breast augmentation surgery, I usually see patients to remove the drains. At this appointment, I see a remarkable improvement in their recovery from using twilight anesthesia. With general anesthesia the patients used to show up in pajamas, or sweat suits, hair undone,  and walked in by the person that drove them in. The most often asked questions are how long the pain is going to last, and can I refill the pain medication prescription.

Patients who have had twilight anesthesia recover quicker.The patients that had IV anesthesia and a pain pump come dressed to the two day post op appointment with normal clothes. They are usually chattier and asking questions about activity levels. Since they are having less pain, they are breathing better, since they are hardly taking any pain medication (narcotics)  they are not nauseated or constipated.

Undoubtedly, Breast augmentation with  IV anesthesia has been a great advance in patient care for my patients and I highly  recommend it to anyone contemplating Breast augmentation.

By Dr. Ricardo L. Rodriguez MD Board Certified Plastic Surgeon Cosmeticsurg Baltimore, Maryland Ricardo L. Rodriguez on American Society of Plastic Surgeons.

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